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What are key principles for student-centered learning?

After many years of developing online learning, MindEdge has identified seven principles for improved student outcomes.

They are:

  • Place the student at the center of the learning experience.
  • Leverage existing knowledge and skills.
  • Respect the learner’s time.
  • Employ diagnostic assessments to ascertain gaps in knowledge.
  • Offer varied learning experiences.
  • Provide needed scaffolding and practice for learners.
  • Measure progress and mastery of learning objectives.

Student-centered instruction focuses on supporting and empowering the student in mastering the skills and knowledge in a given field of study. This requires shifting from the traditional “sage on the stage” approach for instructors to one built around coaching and advising. Students who are engaged, learn. Students who are challenged by interesting learning experiences, learn.

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Today’s students often have prior subject knowledge. Whenever possible, educators should capitalize on this foundation, valuing and extending what students bring to the classroom (traditional and virtual).

A well-constructed learning experience lets students know what is expected of them, and focuses assignments and assessments on the learning objectives outlined at the start of the course. Time is precious—avoid the extraneous or off-topic. Let students learn at their own pace.

Assessing prior student knowledge, and identifying gaps, is a valuable exercise for learners and instructors. This can be accomplished through simple diagnostic assessments at the beginning of the learning experience. It helps determine what should be emphasized, and what can be given a more cursory review.

Variety matters: it keeps learners engaged. The jury is still out on whether “learning styles” represents a valid way to categorize how we learn, but offering numerous ways for students to learn—including video, audio, infographics, interactives, assessments, games—appeals to many learners.

Not everyone “gets it” immediately, so it’s important to offer deeper levels of instruction for students who may struggle with new concepts. Whole-Part-Whole learning and adaptive learning are ways to integrate scaffolding and support into instruction.

At every phase of learning, assessing student progress is key. Asking students to demonstrate their mastery of material by synthesizing answers to higher-order questions is one helpful method of measurement.

These principles can be applied in all forms of learning (classroom, blended, online), and can provide a useful framework for developing and designing effective learning experiences.


Copyright © 2016 MindEdge, Inc.

Teaching online

This MindEdge Learning infographic highlights the vital role played by the instructor in online learning.

In online learning, the instructor plays a vital role in the learning process.

Initially, the instructor must establish a welcoming environment for learners. The instructor constantly observes, monitors, and provides feedback on learners’ work, as well as coaches and critiques learners. He or she guides discussions and can leads online video and chat sessions.

The instructor may hold virtual office hours to meet with learners and facilitate peer review sessions between learners. Some instructors occasionally give online mini-lectures in order to encourage the learners’ mastery of concepts.

When the instructor takes on the above roles, learners will benefit from online learning in multiple ways, including:

  • Sharpened technology skills
  • Empowered and self-directed learning
  • Improved critical thinking skills
  • Demonstrated mastery of concepts and competencies
  • Improved collaborative and team skills
  • Enhanced social skills

The instructor also reaps certain benefits from the online learning process, such as:

  • Engaged learners
  • Learners’ mastery of concepts and competencies
  • Improved course completion rates
  • Enhanced personal satisfaction with teaching
  • Sharpened technology skills
  • Accelerated professional growth

In an optimal online learning environment, both the learners and the instructors will benefit from a process that includes important involvement and engagement from the instructor.


Copyright © 2016 MindEdge, Inc.

MindEdge has released “Online Learning and Competency Based Education,” a white paper exploring how institutions of higher education are adopting new approaches to preparing students for a changing world of work. It can be downloaded by clicking here.

Competency-based education (CBE) is an approach that seeks to measure what students have learned and how they have mastered specific skills or competencies, without worrying about how much time they’ve spent in a traditional classroom setting.





How can online learning facilitate CBE? What specific tools and functionality helps in meeting the needs of institutions of higher education who want to offer competency-based learning?

MindEdge’s white paper considers those questions and offers some advice based on MindEdge Learning’s experience serving the country’s leading CBE schools.


Copyright © 2015 MindEdge, Inc.

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